Lets, See at video “What is Your Best Getaway” below!
What is Your Best Getaway? Do you know Borobudur temple? Borobudur temple is one of the greatest Buddhist monuments in the world. It was built in the 8th and 9th centuries AD during the reign of the Syailendra Dynasty. The monument is located in the Kedu Valley, in the southern part of Central Java, at the centre of the island of Java, Indonesia.
Can you continue the description of Borobudur temple? To describe about specific thing such as Borobudur temple, you can use descriptive text. Descriptive text has generic structures, purpose, and language features.
Generic Structure of Descriptive Text
When writing descriptive text, there are some generic structures (actually not mandatory) for our writing to be true. The arrangement is:
- Identification: contains about the introduction of a person, place, animal, or object will be described.
- Description: contains a description of something such as animal, things, place, or person by decribing its features, forms, colors, or anything related to what the writer describe.
- Purpose of Descriptive text
- To describe person, thing, or place in specific.
- To describe a particular person, thing, or place.
- Language Feature of Descriptive Text
- Specific participant : has a certain object, is not common and unique (only one). for example: Bandengan beach, my house, Borobudur temple, uncle Jim
- The use of the adjective (an adjective) to clarify the noun.
- And The use of simple present tense
- Action verb: verbs that show an activity (for example, run, sleep, walk, cut, and etc).
Example of Desriptive Text
Borobudur is a Buddhist temple. It was built in the ninth century under Sailendra dynasty of ancient Mataram kingdom. Borobudur is located in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia.
Borobudur is well-known all over the world. Its construction is influenced by the Gupta architecture of India. The temple is constructed on a hill 46 meter high and consists of eight steps like stone terrace. The first five terraces are square and surrounded by walls adorned with Buddhist sculpture in bas-relief. The upper three are circular. Each of them is with a circle of bell shape-stupa. The way to the summit extends through some 4.8 km of passage and stairways.
The design of Borobudur symbolizes the conception of universe in Buddhist cosmology. It is believed that the universe is divided into three spiritual spheres, kamadhatu, rupadhatu, and arupadhatu. With its magnificent size and architecture, no wonder that Borobudur Temple includes 7 wonders of the world.
Noun and Adjective
Noun is a part of speech that denotes a person, animal, place, thing, or idea. There are two kinds of noun, concrete noun and abstract noun. The example of concrete noun are woman (person), nurse (person), teacher (person), beach (place), market (place), book (thing), and pen (thing). The examples of abstract noun are intelligence (idea), anger (emotion), sadness (emotion), happiness (emotion), and etc.
Adjective is a word that describes or clarifies noun. Adjectives describe nouns by giving information about the object’s size, shape, age, color, origin or material. The example of adjective are big I(size), tall (size), oval (shape), old (age), young (age), red (color), Japanese (origin), Javanese (origin) and silk (material), delicious (taste), spicy (taste), and etc.
Is a group of two or more words that is headed by a noun (a person, place, or thing) that includes modifiers (e.g., ‘the,’ ‘a,’ ‘of them,’ ‘with her’).
A noun phrase plays the role of a noun. In a noun phrase, the modifiers can come before or after the noun.
- The dog with fleas.
- The one with fleas (This is a noun phrase headed by a pronoun. In the infographic, “None of us” is another example.)
Examples of Noun Phrases
In real life, it is far more common for nouns to feature in noun phrases, i..e, to be accompanied by modifiers. Here is a list of noun phrases. In this list, every noun phrase consists of a head noun (highlighted) and at least one modifier.
- People : the soldier, my cousin, dopey Alan, the lawyer with the big nose
- Animals : that aardvark, one rat, a shark, funny Mickey
- Places : the house in the corner, inner London, dirty factory, no shelter
- Things : this table, our London Bridge, the sharp chisel, that nitrogen, last month, an inch, her cooking
- Ideas : utter confusion, some kindness, your faith, the Theory of Relativity, a joy
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